Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality in Biomedical Research

Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) are of the most commonly used terms nowadays. VR completely takes over your vision by blocking out all the surroundings when you wear a VR device. In contrast, AR can integrate computer generated models into the real-world environment in real-time. Applications of both techniques are widely increasing in biomedical research, training and practice. Whatever your research interests or clinical specialties, you can find substantial assistance from AR and VR. The articles listed below shed light on the variable spectrum of applications of VR and AR in basic and clinical research.
1: Yiu CB, Chen YW. Molecular Data Visualization with Augmented Reality (AR) on Mobile Devices. Methods Mol Biol. 2021;2199:347-356. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-0892-0_20. PMID: 33125660.
2: Park BJ, Hunt SJ, Nadolski GJ, Gade TP. Augmented reality improves procedural efficiency and reduces radiation dose for CT-guided lesion targeting: a phantom study using HoloLens 2. Sci Rep. 2020 Oct 29;10(1):18620. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-75676-4. PMID: 33122766; PMCID: PMC7596500.
3: Heinrich F, Huettl F, Schmidt G, Paschold M, Kneist W, Huber T, Hansen C. HoloPointer: a virtual augmented reality pointer for laparoscopic surgery training. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2020 Oct 23. doi: 10.1007/s11548-020-02272-2. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33095424.
4: Ille S, Ohlerth AK, Colle D, Colle H, Dragoy O, Goodden J, Robe P, Rofes A, Mandonnet E, Robert E, Satoer D, Viegas CP, Visch-Brink E, van Zandvoort M, Krieg SM. Augmented reality for the virtual dissection of white matter pathways. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2020 Oct 7. doi: 10.1007/s00701-020-04545-w. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33026532.
5: Scherl C, Stratemeier J, Karle C, Rotter N, Hesser J, Huber L, Dias A, Hoffmann O, Riffel P, Schoenberg SO, Schell A, Lammert A, Affolter A, Männle D. Augmented reality with HoloLens in parotid surgery: how to assess and to improve accuracy. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Sep 10. doi: 10.1007/s00405-020-06351-7. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32910225.
6: Linxweiler M, Pillong L, Kopanja D, Kühn JP, Wagenpfeil S, Radosa JC, Wang J, Morris LGT, Al Kadah B, Bochen F, Körner S, Schick B. Augmented reality-enhanced navigation in endoscopic sinus surgery: A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol. 2020 Aug 7;5(4):621-629. doi: 10.1002/lio2.436. PMID: 32864433; PMCID: PMC7444769.
7: McKnight RR, Pean CA, Buck JS, Hwang JS, Hsu JR, Pierrie SN. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality-Translating Surgical Training into Surgical Technique. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2020 Dec;13(6):663-674. doi: 10.1007/s12178-020-09667-3. PMID: 32779019.

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