Research Funding in Arab Countries

Research funding is the cornerstone of sustained and productive biomedical research. While the previous achievement of researchers involved in fund-pursuing projects remains a significant determinant of funding, other factors, e.g., networking and collaboration, may have a considerable role (Ebadi and Schiffauerova, 2015).
There is no argument that adequate research funding is one of the most significant obstacles that hinder biomedical research development in the Arab Word. Unlike developed countries, where numerous private and public sectors funding agencies exist (Smits and Denis, 2014), there is a scarcity of similar organizations in the Arab Word. One of these is the research funding project of King Abdul-Aziz City for Science and Technology. As of 2004, projects funded by the city resulted in 243 medical research papers over 25 years (Alabdula’aly, 2004).
Considering the economic and political factors affecting research funding in the Arab World, there is an urgent need for creative solutions. For example, in Germany, the pension insurance scheme contributed to research in rehabilitation (Zwingmann et al., 2005). In France, patients organizations share funding of relevant research programs (Esterle and Picard, 2010).

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